Trafficking in Persons
The term “Trafficking in Persons” (TIP) is defined by Article 3 of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UN Trafficking Protocol).
Three elements must be present for a situation of trafficking in adults while only two elements must be present for a situation of trafficking in children. These are:
1. The Act – what is done.
One or more persons needs to recruit, transport, transfer, habour, or receive another person or persons.
2. The Means- how it is done.
The Act is accomplished through the Means of threat, use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power, and giving or receiving payments or benefits to achieve consent of a person having control over another
3. The Exploitation- why it is done.
The purpose of the Act, through the Means, is for Exploitation, which can take many forms, including sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery, domestic servitude, forced marriage or the removal of organs.
Criminal Justice Response
The global criminal phenomenon of Trafficking in Persons (TIP) comprises the exploitation of men, women and children for the purpose of labor, sex and other varied forms of exploitation, in both domestic and transnational contexts. It contravenes fundamental human, worker and migrant rights, and has wide economic, social and political impacts within the Southeast Asian region.
The ASEAN Convention on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (ACTIP) is a demonstration of the ASEAN countries’ commitment to address TIP as a regional problem and their resolve to find the most effective regional solution to combat it. AAPTIP works at the regional and national levels to support its partners in implementing and realizing the aspirations of the ACTIP.
It is the overall goal of the Australia-Asia Program to Combat Trafficking in Persons (AAPTIP) to boost the capacity of the criminal justice response to TIP across the ASEAN region in order to reduce the incentives and opportunities for TIP.
Progress towards this overall goal is being achieved by working through regional and national coordinating mechanisms to strengthen partnerships with and focus support towards the three component parts of the criminal justice system, namely: law enforcement agencies, prosecutorial services and the judiciary. Within the overarching context of a rights-based, gender sensitive and victim-centered approach that form the guiding principles of all AAPTIP work, the program’s technical advisors built upon the relationships developed during the lifetime of the previous Asia Regional Cooperation to Prevent People Trafficking (ARCPPT) and the Asia Region Trafficking in Persons (ARTIP) projects.